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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in Microsoft Word document file format.
  • Where available, URLs or DOIs for the references have been provided.
  • All illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.

Author Guidelines


It is essential that papers include citations demonstrating that the authors are aware of and have explored existing literature in the area both nationally and internationally. A complete list of references should appear at the end of the paper.

Both the in-text citations and list of references should be formatted according to the guidelines outlined below.

References are to be listed alphabetically by surname of the first author. When two or more references by the same author are listed, year of publication determines the order in which they are to be listed, where the most recently published work is listed first.

Wherever reference is made in the text to a published work, the first author’s surname and year of publication should appear in parentheses (e.g., Smith et al., 2019). If two or more references have the same first author surname and year of publication, they are to appear alphabetically by second author surname (and proceeding to the third author and so on until the order has been determined). For cases of two or more publications with the same first author surname and year of publication (even if the other co-author names and/or order are different), each should be assigned a letter appearing immediately after the year of publication in both the reference list—e.g., “Smith, J., Doe, J., and Jones, A. (2019a)…”, “Smith, J., and Jones, A., and Doe, J. (2019b)…”—and the in-text citation—e.g., “(Smith et al., 2019a)”, “(Smith et al., 2019b)”.

Do not list sources in the reference list that are not cited in the text, and do not cite sources in the text that are not included in the reference list. Please refer to the example reference list entries below for formatting guidelines.


Online source:
Burka, L.P. (1993). “A hypertext history of multi-user dimensions.” MUD History, <http://www.ccs.neu.edu/home/lpb/mud-history.html> (Dec. 5, 1994).

Fisher, J.W., and Struik, J.H.A. (1974). Guide to Design Criteria for Bolted and Riveted Joints. Wiley, New York, NY, USA.

Book chapter:
Kurtz, M. (1991). “Section 7: Transformation of space in computer graphics.” Handbook of Applied Mathematics for Engineers and Scientists. McGraw-Hill, New York, NY, USA, 7.1-7.42.

Newspaper article:
Mossberg, W.S. (1993). “Word isn’t perfect but new WordPerfect is too much for words.” Wall Street Journal. Dec. 2, B1.

Journal article:
Pennoni, C.R. (1992). “Visioning: The future of civil engineering.” Journal of Professional Issues in Engineering Education and Practice, 118(3), 221-233. https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)1052-3928(1992)118:3(221)

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